The survival of … A country has to designate at least one of its wetlands into the list of wetlands of international importance which is also called a Ramsar list or Ramsar sites. Guidance and Reporting. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. The Criteria for Identifying Wetlands of International Importance were adopted by the 7th (1999) and 9th (2005) Meetings of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, superseding earlier Criteria adopted by the 4th and 6th Meetings of the COP … It highlights the value of wetlands in securing local … Harike Wetlands: Confluence of Beas and Sutlej: 2. Here is a quiz of 10 questions based on it with explanations and answers. Keoladeo Ghana: Confluence of national Park Banas and Chambal: 3. India is a party to the treaty. The trend shows that every year UPSC asks one to two questions related to wetlands. ; This decision came on the sidelines … Ecological character of a Ramsar site may degrade because of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Sources: the Hindu. They work with local communities to protect and preserve the wetland regions. It is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. Details about important environment agreement and treaties. Montreux Record is a register of wetlands sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or likely to occur. HOME; Prelims. 8.Is India a part of this convention? Recently, the Government has identified 130 wetlands for priority restoration in the next five years and asked states to submit their respective integrated management plan.. Each of these wetlands will be restored under a comprehensive scheme of the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA) for conservation and restoration of wetlands and lakes. UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Wetland Conservation and Management Rules 2017. Ramsar Convention is formally known as Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat. With 2 more inclusions, the total number of Ramsar sites in India is 39, the highest in … In 1996 Name was changed to Wetlands International and established its headquarters in the Netherlands . The Ramsar (city in Iran where it was ratified in 1971) Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. Wetlands are ecotones between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. According to an assessment undertaken by Wetlands International South Asia (WISA), between 1970 and 2014, cities have rapidly degraded wetlands, to the tune of 25 ha per sq. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under strict guidelines. When a party joins the convention, it has to designate at least one site for the Ramsar list. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands It is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”. In addition, the Criteria indicates that in the first instance, wetlands of international importance to waterbirds at any season should be included on the Ramsar List. Check your progress with these UPSC Previous year Questions. The Ramsar convention on wetlands is an international treaty which provides the framework for a National action plan and international cooperation for the conservation, protection and wise use of the wetland and its resources. Wetlands International. It would recommend the designation of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. The official name of the treaty is The Convention on … Relevance to Syllabus of UPSC GSM3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation. Prelims GS Strategy; CSAT Strategy; Previous UPSC Prelims Question Paper; Books/Sources to Refer ; How to Read HINDU Newspaper; 100 Days Revision Plan-IRP 2020; 60 Day Plan for Prelims … The World Wetlands Day (WWD) is observed every year on February 2 to mark the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands in the city of Ramsar in Iran in 1971. Comparison of wetlands conservation and management rules 2010 and 2017. The Site (Ramsar Site no. A Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. It can later designate more such wetlands. (a) Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu) (b) … A recent phenomenon is the gathering of 100-120 sarus cranes in the lake. Ramsar Convention. Being a part of the Ramsar Convention, a country will gain access to the knowledge of how to conserve and make sustainable use of the … Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. Swamps, marshes and mangroves are examples of wetlands. We safeguard and restore wetlands for people and nature. B The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to … Two New Ramsar Sites. Share your story . It is worth noting that wetlands, the other major water-based ecosystem apart from rivers, are at a moment of policy transition in the country. Originally, the treaty focussed on the conservation of the habitats for waterbirds. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Reviving wetlands is one of the most effective ways we can heal the climate. b) 2 and 3. c) 1 and 3. d) 1, 2 … Earlier in 2020, India designated 10 more wetlands as a Ramsar site, taking the total number from 27 to 37. The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilo meters from the edge of the wetland . More from Us: प्रखर UPSC EPFO 2020: A 4-Month Master Course Batch-3 … Designate wetlands for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance; Promote, as far as possible, the wise use of wetlands in their territory; Promote international cooperation especially with regard to transboundary wetlands, shared water systems, and shared species; Create wetland reserves; Go to top. India has designated Sundarban Wetland as a Wetland of International Importance, its 27th. The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the … Leave a … (UPSC CSAT 2014) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. Upper Lake acts as the lifeline of the city supplying 40% of its potable water. The following facts are from the exam’s perspective and can be beneficial for both Prelims and Mains stage of the IAS Exam. Penalties: Undertaking any prohibited or regulated activities beyond the thresholds (defined by the state/UT administration) in the wetlands or its zone of influence, will be deemed violations under the Wetlands Rules. The updated rules will supersede the 2010 rules. Enforcing the rules: The Wetlands Authorities are responsible for ensuring the enforcement of the Wetlands Rules and other relevant acts, rules and regulations. Important Facts about the Ramsar Convention for UPSC. It is maintained as a part of the Ramsar List. We are the global not-for-profit organisation dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. The recommended days for the annual AWC covers two weeks and three weekends, beginning on the first Saturday every January when we should encourage you to count waterbirds. Kabartal Wetland (Bihar) and Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttarakhand) have been designated as Ramsar sites, making them ‘Wetlands of International Importance’. The 2018 theme is “Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future”. Wetlands International coordinates the International Water bird census of which Asian Water bird census is an integral part. km of built-up area. Introduction: Define Wetland. by IASNOVA March 20, 2019, 7:23 am 4.1k Views. Wetlands International. Despite our … Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importancewhere changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. It is the only international treaty that addresses a specific ecosystem (wetland.) Why in the news? Wetlands International’s Waterbird Population Estimates programme. GK Quiz For UPSC Civil Services Exam: Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. Insights into Editorial: Reconsider the Rules Context: Earlier this year, a judgment by the Uttarakhand High Court, stating that Ganga and Yamuna rivers are “living entities”, captured the national imagination. The Montreaux Record is a voluntary mechanism to highlight specific wetland of international importance under the Ramsar convention, but which are facing immediate challenges.In particular, the Montreux Record is a register of listed Ramsar sites where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or … India joined the convention on February 1, 1982. They support a flourishing community of aquatic organisms including frogs and other amphibians. WETLANDS :- 1-2 Questions in UPSC Prelims Every Year- The Analysis. These dates are for guidance and counts from any date between the beginning of December to end February are very … Ramsar Site At the time of joining the Convention, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. 2370) is located within the largest mangrove forest in the world, the Sundarbans, that encompasses hundreds of islands and a maze of rivers, rivulets and creeks, in the delta of the Rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh.The Indian Sundarban, … The biggest offenders were the metropolitans of New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Hyderabad, which treat wastelands as their private dumping grounds. When a … #PowerofWetlands. Wetland … Q 1) Consider the following pairs : (2014) Wetlands Confluence of Rivers: 1. 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